Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs), including trees, shrubs, grasses and vines, are a central resource for these traditional health systems, as well as for pharmaceutical (or allopathic) medicines. There are more than 8,000 plant species in South Asia with known medicinal uses.
What is the importance and scope of medicinal and Aromatic plants?
Medicinal and Aromatic plants form a numerically large group of economically important plants which provide basic raw materials for medicines, perfumes, flavors and cosmetics.
What is the scope of medicinal plants?
Medicinal plants are considered as a rich resources of ingredients which can be used in drug development either pharmacopoeial, non- pharmacopoeial or synthetic drugs. A part from that, these plants play a critical role in the development of human cultures around the whole world.
What is the importance of aromatic plants?
Aromatic plants provide essential oil which is extracted for various applications in industries. For example, the extracts of these aromatic plants are used in cosmetics for flavouring and fragrance purposes. Likewise, these plants are of great utility in spices, pesticides and repellents making.
What are the medicinal and aromatic plants?
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (MAPs) are botanical raw materials, also known as herbal drugs, that are primarily used for therapeutic, aromatic and/or culinary purposes as components of cosmetics, medicinal products, health foods and other natural health products.
What are aromatic plants?
Aromatic plants are those that contain aromatic compounds – basically essential oils that are volatile at room temperature. These essential oils are odorous, volatile, hydrophobic and highly concentrated compounds. They can be obtained from flowers, buds, seeds, leaves, twigs, bark, wood, fruits and roots .
Why do plants have medicinal properties?
Why do plants have medicinal properties? Plants produce many chemicals that are biologically active, not just in themselves, but also in other organisms. Some of these chemicals enhance their own survival. … Other plants produce substances that deter browsing by insects and herbivores.
Aromatic plants are defined those plants which possess essential oils in them. These essential oils are the odoriferous steam volatile constituents of the aromatic plants. These essential oils are used in making perfumes, in cooking, in the food, pharmaceutical,cosmetics liquor industries.
What are the medicinal plants in India?
3.4 Routinely Used Common Indian Medicinal Plants for Exploring Against COVID-19
- 1 Allium sativum L. (Garlic) …
- 2 Cinnamomum verum J. Presl. …
- 3 Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) …
- 4 Linum usitatissimum L. (Flax Seed) …
- 5 Nigella sativa L. (Black Cumin) …
- 6 Ocimum sanctum L. (Tulsi) …
- 7 Phyllanthus emblica L. (Amla) …
- 8 Piper nigrum L.
What is the difference between medicinal plants and aromatic plants?
Trade of medicinal plants from India is estimated to be worth Rs. 550 crore. … Aromatic plants provide products with are extensively used as spices, flavouring agents and in perfumes and medicine. In addition, they also provide raw materials for the production of many important industrial chemicals.
What are the examples of medicinal plants?
A Guide to Common Medicinal Herbs
- Chamomile. (Flower) Considered by some to be a cure-all, chamomile is commonly used in the U.S. for anxiety and relaxation. …
- Echinacea. (Leaf, stalk, root) …
- Feverfew. (Leaf) …
- Garlic. (Cloves, root) …
- Ginger. (Root) …
- Gingko. (Leaf) …
- Ginseng. (Root) …
- Goldenseal. (Root, rhizome)
What is aromatic plants Name?
List of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
|Botanical Name||English Name||Part Plant|
|Abies Webbiana||Indian Silver Fir||Leaves|
|Acorus calamus||Sweet Flag||Root|
What is medicinal and aromatic plants in horticulture?
Medicinal and aromatic plants contain the chemical constituents first used by humans as medicines for healing, as flavoring agents for food and drink, and as mental stimulants for mystic interactions with super natural gods.
What are the examples of aromatic plants?
- Dhavana (66.1KB)
- Geranium (242KB)
- Lemon Grass (68.7KB)
- Mints (252KB)
- Patchouli (58.8KB)
- Vettiver (313KB)
How many aromatic plants are there?
Out of a total of about 1500 species of aromatic plants known, only a little over 500 species have been studied in some detail.