What factors put medicinal plants at greatest risk?

Overharvesting has placed many medicinal species at risk of extinction. Commercial exploitation has also sometimes led to traditional medicines becoming unavailable to the indigenous peoples that have relied on them for centuries or millennia.

What puts medicinal plants at risk?

Wild medicinal plants are already threatened by land clearing and development, logging, and invasive weedy species.

Why are medicinal plants endangered?

The genetic diversity of medicinal plants in the world is getting endangered at alarming rate because of ruinous harvesting practices and over-harvesting for production of medicines, with little or no regard to the future.

What are the disadvantages of medicinal plants?

Herbal medicines can have dangerous side effects, research reveals. Herbal medicines can cause kidney failure and liver damage in some consumers because they contain toxic chemicals or heavy metals, or react harmfully with other drugs, a study has found.

How can we protect medicinal plants?

Conservation of medicinal plants can be accomplished by the ex-situ i.e. outside natural habitat by cultivating and maintaining plants in botanic gardens, parks, other suitable sites, and through long term preservation of plant propagules in gene banks (seed bank, pollen bank, DNA libraries, etc.)

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What is the need of medicinal plants?

Medicinal plants will be useful for Maternal and Child health care, as essential drugs, in food and nutrition, for common illnesses and injury, for endemic infectious diseases, mental health and oral health.

Why should we plant more medicinal indigenous plants?

They improve biodiversity

Good biodiversity creates healthy ecosystems that clean the water, purify the air, maintain healthy soil, regulate the climate and provide us with food and resources.

What is the effect of collecting herbal plants on environment?

Medicinal plant production through cultivation, for example, can reduce the extent to which wild populations are harvested, but it also may lead to environmental degradation and loss of genetic diversity as well as loss of incentives to conserve wild populations (Anon.

What are the pros and cons of natural medicine?

The Pros and Cons of Herbal Medications

  • Pro: Natural medications are, well, natural. Dr. …
  • Con: Herbal medicines are not FDA-approved. Just because a medication is made from natural ingredients does not guarantee that it is safe or effective. …
  • Research can help you make an informed decision.

How can herbal medicine be misused?

The inherent problem is lack of standardization and regulation of herbal medicines. Consequently, cases of substitution, adulteration, and contamination of herbal products exist, which have led to cases of serious toxicity.

What are the negative effects of traditional medicine?

Eighty-nine (22.7%) respondents experienced adverse effects in their family members due to traditional medicine therapy. The reported adverse effects include bleeding, abortion, visual loss, tetanus, jaundice, fistula, gastritis, psychosis, exacerbation of illness, paralysis, and even death (Table 3).

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How can we save endangered medicinal plants?

Under the Central Sector Scheme, conservation of medicinal plants is being carried out mainly through in-situ conservation by way of plantation/ resource augmentation of species in their natural habitat and establishing Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs) etc., and through ex-situ conservation …